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Sensorineural Hearing Loss - Medical Animation
 
This animation may only be used in support of a single legal proceeding and for no other purpose. Read our License Agreement for details. To license this animation for other purposes, click here.

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Sensorineural Hearing Loss - Medical Animation
MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT:
Hearing begins with the external ear funneling sound waves through the external auditory canal to the tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane vibrates in response to the sound waves. Three connected bones called the malleus, incus, and stapes transmit the vibrations through the middle ear. Movement of the stapes causes vibrations of the membranous oval window of the inner ear. Oval window vibrations create fluid waves in the two perilymph-filled chambers in the cochlea ending at the round window. These waves of perilymph also push on a third fluid-filled chamber called the cochlear duct. Inside the cochlear duct, sensory receptor cells called hair cells line one of the walls of the duct called the basilar membrane. The tectorial membrane covers the hair cells. Collectively, this group of structures is called the organ of Corti. Fluid pressure in the perilymph pushes on the basilar membrane and its attached hair cells which bend when pushed against the stationary tectorial membrane. This event sets off a chain reaction within the hair cells converting the pressure wave to a nerve impulse in the nerve fibers. Nerve fibers throughout the cochlea combine to form the cochlear branch of the vestibulocochlear or auditory nerve which transmits the sound nerve impulse to the brain. Sensory neural hearing loss is caused by disease or damage to the nervous pathway from the organ of Corti to the vestibulocochlear nerve and central auditory system in the brainstem. Damage to the auditory nerve pathway can result from aging, chronic loud noise, viral infections, or physical trauma to the temporal bone. Another common cause of hearing loss is Meniere's disease in which a build up of perilymph fluid left untreated which result in the rupture of the membranous labyrinth. Diagnostic tests include tuning fork test and audiometer testing. Depending on the cause and severity of auditory nerve damage, sensory neural hearing loss is treated with devices such as hearing aides or cochlear implants. ♪ [music] ♪

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What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
"This past year, your company prepared three medical illustrations for our cases; two in which we received six figure awards; one in which we received a substantial seven figure award. I believe in large part, the amounts obtained were due to the vivid illustrations of my clients' injuries and the impact on the finder of fact."

Donald W. Marcari
Marcari Russotto & Spencer, P.C.
Chesapeake, VA
"There is nothing like a great graphic depicting the real nature and extent of a victim's injuries to get full value for your client. I use Medical Legal Art for mediations as well as trial."

Geoff Wells
Greene, Broillet, Panish & Wheeler
Santa Monica, CA

"It is my experience that it's much more effective to show a jury what happened than simply to tell a jury what happened. In this day and age where people are used to getting information visually, through television and other visual media, I would be at a disadvantage using only words.

I teach a Litigation Process class at the University of Baltimore Law Schooland use [Medical Legal Art's] animation in my class. Students always saythat they never really understood what happened to [to my client] until theysaw the animation.

Animations are powerful communication tools that should be used wheneverpossible to persuade juries."

Andrew G. Slutkin
Snyder Slutkin & Kopec
Baltimore, MD
"Our practice involves medical negligence cases exclusively. We have six attorneys and one physician on staff. We have used Medical Legal Art's staff for every one of our cases over the past 12 years and have found their services to be extraordinary. The transformation of medical records into powerful graphic images has without fail been handled expertly, expeditiously and effectively translating into superb results for our clients, both in the courtroom and in settlement. Every case can benefit from their excellent work and we unqualifiedly recommend their services. They are the best!"

Chris Otorowski
Morrow and Otorowski
Bainbridge Island, Washington
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