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Spinal Cord Injury - Medical Animation

 

This animation may only be used in support of a single legal proceeding and for no other purpose. Read our License Agreement for details. To license this image for other purposes, click here.

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Spinal Cord Injury - Medical Animation
MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT: The spinal cord begins at the brainstem, exits the skull through the foramen magnum, and extends to the first lumbar vertebra, divided into cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral regions. The spinal cord gives rise to pairs of spinal nerves that supply sensory and motor function to the body. The cauda equina, made up of lumbar and sacral spinal nerves, extends through the vertebral canal from L2 to S5. The spinal cord is composed of gray matter and white matter. Gray matter contains nerve cell bodies, dendrites, and the proximal parts of axons. White matter contains spinal tracts which consist of myelinated axons. Sensory nerve impulses travel from the body to the brain through afferent nerves in the dorsal root ganglion and dorsal root. Motor nerve impulses travel from the brain to the body, through efferent nerve axons in the ventral root. Dorsal and ventral roots merge to form each spinal nerve. The American Spinal Injury Association classifies spinal cord injuries according to spinal cord level and completeness of injury. A complete or Level A spinal cord injury results in no sensory or motor function in the S4 to 5 spinal cord segments. Each spinal nerve provide sensory innervation to areas of the skin called dermatomes. A C4 to 5 Level A spinal cord injury results in partial or total loss of sensation in the C4 and C5 dermatomes, and total sensory loss below. Motor loss from a C4 to 5 Level A injury results in tetraplegia or quadriplegia which is characterized by partial or total loss of arm movement and total motor loss below. Structures with no motor function may include the diaphragm, requiring ventilator respiratory assistance. Acute treatment for a C4 to 5 spinal cord injury includes stabilization of the spine, physical rehabilitation, or surgical decompression of the spinal cord. Steroids are used to reduce inflammation. Physical and occupational therapy maybe use to increase physical mobility and functional independence. ♪ [music] ♪

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What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
"Thank you for the splendid medical-legal art work you did for us in the case of a young girl who was blinded by a bb pellet. As a result of your graphic illustrations of this tragic injury, we were able to persuade the insurance company to increase their initial offer of $75,000.00 to $475,000.00, just short of their policy limits.

We simply wanted you to know how pleased we were with your work which, to repeat, was of superlative character, and to let you know that we would be more than willing to serve as a reference in case you ever need one. Many thanks for an extraordinary and dramatic depiction of a very serious injury which clearly "catapulted" the insurance company's offer to a "full and fair" amount to settle this case."

Philip C. Coulter
Coulter &Coulter
Roanoke, VA

"For us, the defining feature of effective demonstrative evidence is whether, by itself, the piece will tell the story of the case. Medical legal Art provides our firm with illustrations and animations that are clear and persuasive. Their exhibits tell the story in a way that allows the jury to understand a very complex subject, very quickly."

James D. Horwitz
Koskoff, Koskoff & Bieder, P.C.
Bridgeport, CT

"This past year, your company prepared three medical illustrations for our cases; two in which we received six figure awards; one in which we received a substantial seven figure award. I believe in large part, the amounts obtained were due to the vivid illustrations of my clients' injuries and the impact on the finder of fact."

Donald W. Marcari
Marcari Russotto & Spencer, P.C.
Chesapeake, VA

"Our practice involves medical negligence cases exclusively. We have six attorneys and one physician on staff. We have used Medical Legal Art's staff for every one of our cases over the past 12 years and have found their services to be extraordinary. The transformation of medical records into powerful graphic images has without fail been handled expertly, expeditiously and effectively translating into superb results for our clients, both in the courtroom and in settlement. Every case can benefit from their excellent work and we unqualifiedly recommend their services. They are the best!"

Chris Otorowski
Morrow and Otorowski
Bainbridge Island, Washington
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