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Nerve Impulse - Medical Animation

 

This animation may only be used in support of a single legal proceeding and for no other purpose. Read our License Agreement for details. To license this image for other purposes, click here.

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Nerve Impulse - Medical Animation
MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT: A typical neuron consists of a cell body, plasma membrane extensions called dendrites, an elongated fiber known as an axon, and an axon hillock, the trigger zone that releases a nerve impulse. The axon hillock maintains an excitation limit, or threshold, which determines whether or not a neuron will generate a nerve impulse. A nerve impulse is an electrical signal conducted by a neuron, causing a response in another neuron or target cell. When a neuron is at rest, its membrane is polarized because there are more positive ions outside the cell and more negative ions inside the cell, which creates a charge difference across the membrane. Active transport mechanisms called sodium-potassium pumps carry more sodium and less potassium ions across the membrane to maintain this charged difference. Even in a resting neuron, there is the potential for the charged difference to create an electrical current. This is called a resting membrane potential. When an electrical current flows through a dendrite, this is called a local membrane potential. When a dendrite detects a stimulus, a sodium channel in its plasma membrane opens and lets sodium into the neuron. This influx of positive ions reverses the charge across a particular section of the membrane in a process called depolarization. To repolarize the membrane, potassium channels open and release potassium out of the neuron. Nearby, a sodium-potassium pump transports excess sodium amount and brings potassium in, which restores the resting membrane potential. The flow of reversing charges along the dendrite's membrane produces a wavelike electrical current toward the neuron's trigger zone. If the strength of the current meets or exceeds the threshold at the trigger zone, an electrical signal called an action potential or nerve impulse will occur. In a nerve impulse, the trigger zone sends an electrical signal down the axon toward the space between neurons called a synapse or to a target cell membrane. ♪ [music] ♪

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What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
"This past year, your company prepared three medical illustrations for our cases; two in which we received six figure awards; one in which we received a substantial seven figure award. I believe in large part, the amounts obtained were due to the vivid illustrations of my clients' injuries and the impact on the finder of fact."

Donald W. Marcari
Marcari Russotto & Spencer, P.C.
Chesapeake, VA
"For us, the defining feature of effective demonstrative evidence is whether, by itself, the piece will tell the story of the case. Medical legal Art provides our firm with illustrations and animations that are clear and persuasive. Their exhibits tell the story in a way that allows the jury to understand a very complex subject, very quickly."

James D. Horwitz
Koskoff, Koskoff & Bieder, P.C.
Bridgeport, CT

"I have found that the personalized medical illustrations prepared by Medical Legal Art have been very accurate and helpful. The medical doctors, both treating physicians and expert witnesses, have commented on the accuracy and professionalism of the medical illustrations. Most importantly, your prompt service and attention upon even short notice has been tremendous. I can certainly say that the medical illustrations prepared by Medical Legal Art have assisted us in bringing cases to a successful resolution."

Paul L. Redfearn
The Redfearn Law Firm, P.C.
Kansas City, MO

"I wanted to take some time out to let you know what a wonderful job you did with the 'collapsed lung/fractured rib' illustrations. They were both detailed and accurate. My medical expert was comfortable working with them and he spent at least an hour explaining to the jury the anatomy of the lungs, the ribs and the injuries depicted in the illustrations. Needless to say, the jury was riveted to the doctor during his testimony.

The jury returned a verdict for $800,000.00 and I'm sure we would not have done so well if not for the visualizations we were able to put forth with your assistance. Lastly, my special thanks to Alice [Senior Medical Illustrator] who stayed late on Friday night and patiently dealt with my last minute revisions."

Daniel J. Costello
Proner & Proner
New York, NY













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