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Respiratory Failure - Medical Animation

 

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Respiratory Failure - Medical Animation
MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT:
The lungs are part of the lower respiratory tract and contain a series of subdividing tubes, beginning with the bronchi. Air passes through the bronchi into smaller tubes called bronchioles then into tiny elastic sacs called alveoli, where gas exchange occurs. Pulmonary capillaries and alveoli share a thin membrane through which gas exchange occurs. Oxygen defuses from the alveoli into the blood for transport to body tissues, and carbon dioxide, a waste product of cellular processes diffuses from the blood into the alveoli to be exhaled from the body. Shifts in oxygen and carbon dioxide partial pressures in the blood can signal respiratory failure, a condition in which gas exchange is insufficient due to disease involving the lungs or other organs. In hypoxemic respiratory failure, too little oxygen defuses into the blood. In hypercapnic respiratory failure, too much carbon dioxide remains in the blood. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, known as COPD, and acute respiratory distress syndrome, known as ARDS, commonly result in respiratory failure. COPD includes two main conditions, chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Chronic bronchitis involves inflammation of the bronchial lining. Thick mucus accumulation along the bronchial lining and narrowing of the airways called bronchoconstriction which can result in blocked or narrowed airways. In emphysema, some alveolar walls are destroyed leading to fewer, larger, formless sacs. In addition, some of the bronchioles collapse impeding airflow out of the alveoli. In contrast, acute respiratory distress syndrome involves injury to one or both lungs caused by factors such as trauma or blood infection called sepsis. Inflammation leads to alveolar fluid accumulation and alveolar collapse reducing the surface area available for gas exchange. Common treatments for respiratory failure include oxygen therapy via supplemental oxygen or mechanical ventilation. Other common treatments include medications such as bronchodilators and steroids which reduce airflow resistance, and antibiotics which kill bacteria causing bronchitis and other infections. ♪ [music] ♪

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"I wanted to thank you for the terrific job you did illustrating my client's injuries. The case was settled at the pre-suit mediation, and I believe a good part of the success we had was due to the medical legal art you prepared.

Your work received the ultimate compliment at the conclusion of the mediation. The hospital risk manager took the exhibit with them at the conclusion of mediation, and will be using it to train nurses on how to prevent bed sores..."

Steven G. Koeppel
Troy, Yeslow & Koeppel, P.A.
Fort Myers, FL

"I just wanted to let you know that after several days on trial, I settled [my client's] construction accident case for $4.5 million. Immediately after the jury was discharged, I spoke with several jurors who told me that they really appreciated the medical illustrations for their clarity in dealing with [my client's] devastating injuries. They also expressed their gratitude in being able to read from a distance all of the notations without difficulty. Obviously, the boards were visually persuasive. I am certain that this contributed to our successful result."

Michael Gunzburg, Esq.
Attorney at Law.
New York, NY

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Viles Law Firm, P.A.
Fort Meyers, FL

"Thank you for the splendid medical-legal art work you did for us in the case of a young girl who was blinded by a bb pellet. As a result of your graphic illustrations of this tragic injury, we were able to persuade the insurance company to increase their initial offer of $75,000.00 to $475,000.00, just short of their policy limits.

We simply wanted you to know how pleased we were with your work which, to repeat, was of superlative character, and to let you know that we would be more than willing to serve as a reference in case you ever need one. Many thanks for an extraordinary and dramatic depiction of a very serious injury which clearly "catapulted" the insurance company's offer to a "full and fair" amount to settle this case."

Philip C. Coulter
Coulter &Coulter
Roanoke, VA













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