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Stroke - Medical Animation

 

This animation may only be used in support of a single legal proceeding and for no other purpose. Read our License Agreement for details. To license this image for other purposes, click here.

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Stroke - Medical Animation
MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT:
The brain receives blood via two major pairs of vessels, the internal carotid and vertebral arteries. The branches of these arteries supply brain cells with oxygen and glucose necessary for their functions. A stroke, also called a cerebrovascular accident, CVA, or brain attack, is an interruption in the brain's blood supply that causes temporary or permanent brain cell dysfunction and damage. With prolonged blood deprivation, called ischemia, metabolic processes diminish, and the brain cells die. Stroke may cause paralysis or weakness, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, balance or coordination problems, difficulty walking, problems with memory or learning, and changes in emotions or personality. Transient ischemic attack, or TIA is a brief reduction in brain function resulting from arterial vasospasm or temporary occlusion. TIAs cause short-term changes in speech, motor function, balance, vision, or consciousness, and can signal an oncoming serious stroke. Ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke and is classified as thrombotic or embolic. Thrombotic stroke occurs when a thrombus, or stationary blood clot, blocks blood flow through an artery and starves local brain cells. Embolic stroke is caused by an embolus, or traveling clot fragment that originates in the systemic circulation, flows into a narrowed cerebral vessel and occludes it, resulting in tissue ischemia. The other type of stroke is a hemorrhagic stroke which occurs when a cerebral vessel ruptures, resulting in uncontrolled blood flow that compresses and damages nearby brain tissues. Intracerebral hemorrhagic strokes occur within the brain tissue itself, while subarachnoid hemorrhagic strokes occur between the arachnoid and pia mater on the brain surface. Aneurysm rupture and head trauma are two causes of hemorrhagic stroke. In acute thrombotic stroke care, thrombolytic medications such as tissue plasminogen activator, or TPA, can be given within three hours of a thrombotic stroke's onset to break clots apart and restore blood flow. Long-term stroke treatment may involve antithrombotic drugs, including anticoagulants such as aspirin and warfarin, antiplatelet drugs, statins, and antihypertensives to prevent additional CVAs, and a rehabilitative regimen to help recover lost or impaired skills. Physical and occupational therapy help the patient relearn motor function and daily activities. Speech and psychological therapy help the patient express him or herself and cope with new challenges. ♪ [music] ♪

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What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
"Medical illustrations are essential during trial for any medical malpractice case. The people at MLA have the uncanny ability of creating medical illustrations that simplify the most complex of medical concepts and human anatomy to a lay audience. The exhibits of MLA allow experts to easily describe complex concepts and human anatomy in a manner that could not be done otherwise.

In addition, their custom illustrations show in great detail the extent of injuries suffered and the devastating effects they have had on the client's anatomy. These custom illustration can show, side by side, the body before and after a catastrophic injury. The effect of this juxtaposition is unmatched by any testimony that can be adduced at the time of trial.

Even jurors after trial have commented on the ease with which they grasp medical concepts and anatomy once the MLA exhibits were introduced and used by my experts. Even judges who have "seen it all" are thoroughly impressed by the detail and sophistication of the illustrations.

I would not want to try a case without them."

Lambros Y. Lambrou
McHUGH & LAMBROU, LLP
New York, NY

"[I] have come to rely upon the Doe Report and your great staff of illustrators for all my medical malpractice cases. … Please know that I enthusiastically recommend you to all my colleagues.

Frank Rothermel
Bernhardt & Rothermel
"It is with great enthusiasm that I recommend Medical Legal Art. We have used their services for three years and always found their professionalism, quality of work, and timely attention to detail to exceed our expectations. We recently settled two complicated catastrophic injury cases. One medical malpractice case involving a spinal abscess settled for 3.75 million and the other involving injuries related to a motor vehicle accident settled for 6.9 million. We consider the artwork provided by MLA to have been invaluable in helping us to successfully conclude these cases.

I highly recommend MLA to anyone seeking high quality, detailed medical legal artwork."

E. Marcus Davis, Esq.
Davis Zipperman, Krischenbaum & Lotito
Atlanta, GA
www.emarcusdavis.com

"For us, the defining feature of effective demonstrative evidence is whether, by itself, the piece will tell the story of the case. Medical legal Art provides our firm with illustrations and animations that are clear and persuasive. Their exhibits tell the story in a way that allows the jury to understand a very complex subject, very quickly."

James D. Horwitz
Koskoff, Koskoff & Bieder, P.C.
Bridgeport, CT













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