This animation may only be used in support of a single legal proceeding and for no other purpose. Read our License Agreement for details. To license this image for other purposes, click here.
|Concussions - Medical Animation
|MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT: A concussion is a brain injury resulting from a violent head impact or rapid head acceleration deceleration. The brain is a soft and pliable organ, and requires physical protection from the environment. The walls of the cranial cavity provide a hard external shield from outside impacts. Inside the cranium, the brain floats in and is surrounded by cerebrospinal fluid. Cerebrospinal fluid provides a protective cushion as everyday movements of the head gently jostle the brain. A violent impact or rapid acceleration deceleration of the head can cause the brain to rotate and strike the inside of the skull. This injury compresses the brain and sends shock waves rippling away from the point of impact. The impact force stretches or tears neuronal axons, resulting in a mild form of the traumatic brain injury called diffuse axonal shearing. This injury compromises normal brain function because it interrupts communication between neurons. Physical symptoms of concussion include headache, nausea, poor muscle coordination, dizziness, light sensitivity and blurred vision, ringing in the ears, and loss of consciousness. Cognitive and emotional symptoms include disorientation, confusion, amnesia, inability to focus and concentrate, irritability, and depression. Treatment for concussion depends on the severity and duration of symptoms. Mild concussions require plenty of rest, increased fluids, and close monitoring of symptoms for 24 to 48 hours. Although mild pain medication, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen may be prescribed, alcohol and illegal drugs should be avoided. Severe concussions require immediate professional medical evaluation. In many cases, steroids are used to decrease swelling and inflammation in the brain. A CT scan or MRI of the brain may be needed to rule out gross internal damage or hemorrhages.
|What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
|"For us, the defining feature of effective demonstrative evidence is
whether, by itself, the piece will tell the story of the case. Medical legal
Art provides our firm with illustrations and animations that are clear and
persuasive. Their exhibits tell the story in a way that allows the jury to
understand a very complex subject, very quickly."
James D. Horwitz
Koskoff, Koskoff & Bieder, P.C.
|"I would like to thank all of you at Medical Legal Art for all the
assistance you provided. It was a result of the excellent, timely work
that we were able to conclude the case successfully.
I feel very confident that our paths will cross again."
Fritz G. Faerber
Faerber & Anderson, P.C.
St. Louis, MO
|"I have a medical illustration created by Medical Legal Art at the beginning
of every case to tell the client's story, usually before I depose the
defendant doctor. The work product and cost-efficiency are outstanding. It
is a situation where, as a trial lawyer, I don't leave home without it."
Attorney at Law
|"For modern audiences, it is absolutely essential to use medical
demonstrative evidence to convey the severity and extent of physical
injuries to a jury. Your company's high quality illustrations of our
client's discectomy surgery, combined with strong expert testimony, allowed
the jury to fully appreciate the significance of our client's injuries.
We are very pleased with a verdict exceeding $297,000.00, far in excess of
the $20,000.00 initially offered by the defendant. The medical demonstrative
evidence provided by Medical Legal Art was an asset we could not have
afforded to have been without."
Todd J. Kenyon
Attorney at Law