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Anestesia peridural y raquídea - Medical Animation


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Anestesia peridural y raquídea - Medical Animation
MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT: Si se va a someter a determinados procedimientos como ciruga de pelvis, cadera o piernas, puede evitar la anestesia general y, en lugar de ella, recibir anestesia peridural o raqudea durante el procedimiento. La anestesia peridural y raqudea tambin se utilizan con frecuencia durante el parto. Tanto la anestesia peridural como la raqudea consisten en inyectar el medicamento cerca de la mdula espinal. Esto hace que el cuerpo se adormezca desde el pecho hasta los pies. Entre las ventajas de la anestesia peridural y raqudea, se puede mencionar la capacidad de permanecer despierto durante la operacin y la prevencin de riesgos asociados con la anestesia general. Debido a que la anestesia peridural y raqudea raras veces ocasionan disminucin de la presin arterial y otros cambios que pudieran requerir tratamiento inmediato, se le colocar una va endovenosa para que los lquidos o medicamentos puedan administrarse rpidamente. Adems, estar conectado a varios monitores para controlar la presin arterial, el pulso y el contenido de oxgeno en la sangre. Antes de recibir anestesia peridural o raqudea, el anestesista usar una solucin antisptica para limpiar el rea de la espalda en donde se le inyectar el medicamento. Para disminuir el dolor del pinchazo, es posible que el anestesista coloque anestesia local directamente sobre la zona donde se aplicar la inyeccin peridural o raqudea. La anestesia raqudea consiste en la aplicacin de una sola inyeccin dentro del saco de lquido que rodea a la mdula espinal. Para llegar a este saco de lquido, el anestesista pasar una aguja a travs de la piel, entre las vrtebras. Y, finalmente, a travs de los ligamentos de la duramadre, que es la membrana que protege a la mdula espinal. La anestesia raqudea comienza a trabajar casi inmediatamente despus de aplicarse la inyeccin. Con la anestesia peridural, la aguja no penetra la duramadre, y el medicamento se deposita justo afuera del saco del lquido que rodea a la mdula espinal. La anestesia peridural se puede administrar en una sola dosis, o el anestesista puede dejar un tubo pequeo y flexible o un catter colocado en el lugar, en caso de que se necesite ms anestesia durante un procedimiento que result ms largo de lo esperado. La anestesia peridural tarda aproximadamente 10 minutos en hacer efecto. Despus de la aplicacin de la anestesia espinal o de retirar el catter peridural, se colocar un pequeo vendaje sobre el rea donde se insert la aguja.

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