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Breast Surgery - Medical Animation

 

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Breast Surgery - Medical Animation
MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT: Surgical removal of the tumor is part of the treatment for the majority of breast cancers. There are a number of surgical options. Your doctor will help you decide which is best for your situation. In addition to surgery on the breast, it may be necessary to remove some or all of the lymph nodes under your arm. There are two main surgical procedures for breast cancer. The first is breast conserving surgery, or a lumpectomy, which is always coupled with radiation treatment. The second is mastectomy, which is removal of the entire breast. It may be combined with breast reconstruction surgery. In both procedures, it may be necessary to remove some lymph nodes. A lumpectomy preserves the appearance of the breast. The tumor, along with a margin of surrounding normal breast tissue, is removed. In this procedure, your surgeon will make an incision in the skin, and remove the tumor with a margin of healthy tissue. It will be sent to a pathologist for examination to make sure there is no cancer in the surrounding margin of tissue. The wound will be closed with sutures. In a mastectomy, the entire breast is removed. In a simple mastectomy, only the breast tissue is removed. Your surgeon will begin by making an incision to remove an oval of skin, including the nipple. The breast tissue will be separated from the skin, as well as the underlying muscle, and removed for examination. Finally, your surgeon will insert drains to prevent fluid collection. A modified radical mastectomy is a procedure where your breast tissue is removed, along with some or all of the lymph nodes under your arm. A sentinel lymph node biopsy is typically performed in addition to a lumpectomy or a mastectomy. It may be done if a clinical exam or imaging study shows no evidence that cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. The purpose of the biopsy is to identify and check the first draining lymph nodes from the breast to make sure cancer hasn't spread there. To do this, dye will be injected into your breast, to determine which lymph nodes are the sentinel lymph nodes. Your surgeon will remove one to three sentinel lymph nodes for examination. If these nodes have no cancer, it is unlikely other lymph nodes have cancer. If these lymph nodes have cancer, the rest of the lymph nodes under your arm, called axillary lymph nodes, may also have cancer. In this case, a complete axillary lymph node dissection may be recommended to remove most of the nodes in this area. An additional option in the case of a mastectomy is reconstruction of the removed breast. Breast reconstruction makes use of implants or tissue from other parts of the body, such as the abdomen or buttocks, to create a new breast. In some cases, the surgeon is able to also preserve the nipple. The reconstruction can be performed right after a mastectomy, known as immediate reconstruction, or at a later date, called delayed reconstruction. If you are considering reconstructive surgery, your doctor can help you decide what approach is best for your situation.

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"Our practice involves medical negligence cases exclusively. We have six attorneys and one physician on staff. We have used Medical Legal Art's staff for every one of our cases over the past 12 years and have found their services to be extraordinary. The transformation of medical records into powerful graphic images has without fail been handled expertly, expeditiously and effectively translating into superb results for our clients, both in the courtroom and in settlement. Every case can benefit from their excellent work and we unqualifiedly recommend their services. They are the best!"

Chris Otorowski
Morrow and Otorowski
Bainbridge Island, Washington
www.medilaw.com

"I have found that the personalized medical illustrations prepared by Medical Legal Art have been very accurate and helpful. The medical doctors, both treating physicians and expert witnesses, have commented on the accuracy and professionalism of the medical illustrations. Most importantly, your prompt service and attention upon even short notice has been tremendous. I can certainly say that the medical illustrations prepared by Medical Legal Art have assisted us in bringing cases to a successful resolution."

Paul L. Redfearn
The Redfearn Law Firm, P.C.
Kansas City, MO

"I thought you might want to know that after we sent a copy of your illustration to the defendants, with a copy to the insurance company, they increased their offer by an additional million dollars and the case was settled for $1,900,000.00.

I appreciate your help!"

O. Fayrell Furr, Jr.
Furr, Henshaw & Ohanesian
Myrtle Beach, SC
www.scmedicalmalpractice.com

"Thank you for the splendid medical-legal art work you did for us in the case of a young girl who was blinded by a bb pellet. As a result of your graphic illustrations of this tragic injury, we were able to persuade the insurance company to increase their initial offer of $75,000.00 to $475,000.00, just short of their policy limits.

We simply wanted you to know how pleased we were with your work which, to repeat, was of superlative character, and to let you know that we would be more than willing to serve as a reference in case you ever need one. Many thanks for an extraordinary and dramatic depiction of a very serious injury which clearly "catapulted" the insurance company's offer to a "full and fair" amount to settle this case."

Philip C. Coulter
Coulter &Coulter
Roanoke, VA













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