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颅骨切开术和颅骨切除术 - Medical Animation

 

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颅骨切开术和颅骨切除术 - Medical Animation
医疗动画文字记录:医生可能会建议你进行开颅手术来治疗一些不同的脑部疾病、损伤或状况。颅骨是由骨构成的,是大脑坚硬的保护层。在头骨内部,三层被称为脑膜的组织包围着大脑。最外的厚层是硬脑膜。中间组织层是蛛网膜,最内层是软脑膜。在蛛网膜和软脑膜之间是蛛网膜下腔,其中含有血管和一种叫做脑脊液的透明液体。被称为桥静脉的血管连接着大脑表面和硬脑膜。其他血管,被称为大脑动脉,将血液输送到大脑。在颅骨里,正常的大脑功能需要血管中的血液、环绕大脑的脑脊液和脑组织之间压力的微妙平衡。这被称为正常颅内压。颅内压增高可能是由脑肿瘤、头部损伤、血管问题、大脑或脊髓感染引起的。这些情况会给大脑带来压力,可能会导致大脑肿胀或改变颅骨内的形状,从而导致严重的脑损伤。医生可能会建议开颅手术切除异常的脑组织,如脑肿瘤、组织活检的样本、血块,即血肿、过量的脑脊液或感染产生的脓液,即脓肿。开颅手术也可以缓解脑肿胀、止血(尤其是大出血)、修复异常血管;修复颅骨骨折;或者修复受损的脑膜。最后,开颅手术也可以用于治疗癫痫等脑部疾病,向大脑输送药物,或植入深部脑刺激器等医疗器械。开颅手术最常见的原因是切除脑肿瘤。手术前,医生会给你全身麻醉,使你失去知觉,不再感到疼痛。剔除肿瘤所在位置头皮上的皮肤。首先,医生会在头皮上开一个切口。在颅骨上打一个或多个小孔。然后,医生会将这些孔连接起来,形成一块圆形的骨,称为骨瓣,然后将其移除。医生会在硬脑膜上做一个切口,露出大脑。然后切除肿瘤。硬脑膜的切口要用缝合线缝合。医生会用金属板和螺钉将骨瓣重新接上,这些金属板和螺钉将永远留在颅骨里。如果大脑非常肿胀或颅骨受到感染,你可能需要做“颅骨切除术”。医生可能会推迟到在以后的手术中重新连接骨瓣,以留出时间消肿。在开颅手术结束后,用缝合钉缝合头皮切口,用绷带包扎头部。如果你做了颅骨切除术,在肿胀消退之后,你还会做另一个手术叫做颅骨成形术。到时,医生会用金属板和螺钉重新连接你的骨瓣,然后用缝合钉缝合皮肤切口。任何一种手术后,你都要在医院住几天。医生会通过问诊、用灯照射你的眼睛来检查你的大脑功能。可能会给予你药物以防止并发症。

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What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
"I thought you might want to know that after we sent a copy of your illustration to the defendants, with a copy to the insurance company, they increased their offer by an additional million dollars and the case was settled for $1,900,000.00.

I appreciate your help!"

O. Fayrell Furr, Jr.
Furr, Henshaw & Ohanesian
Myrtle Beach, SC
www.scmedicalmalpractice.com

"Medical illustrations are essential evidence in personal injury litigation and MLA is simply the best I've found at producing high-quality illustrations. Your illustrators are not only first-class artists, but creative and responsive. Your turn around time is as good as it gets. My clients have won over $60 million in jury verdicts and I can't recall a case which did not include one of your exhibits. On behalf of those clients, thanks and keep up the great work!"

Kenneth J. Allen
Allen Law Firm
Valparaiso, IN
www.kenallenlaw.com

"Thank you for the splendid medical-legal art work you did for us in the case of a young girl who was blinded by a bb pellet. As a result of your graphic illustrations of this tragic injury, we were able to persuade the insurance company to increase their initial offer of $75,000.00 to $475,000.00, just short of their policy limits.

We simply wanted you to know how pleased we were with your work which, to repeat, was of superlative character, and to let you know that we would be more than willing to serve as a reference in case you ever need one. Many thanks for an extraordinary and dramatic depiction of a very serious injury which clearly "catapulted" the insurance company's offer to a "full and fair" amount to settle this case."

Philip C. Coulter
Coulter &Coulter
Roanoke, VA

"There is nothing like a great graphic depicting the real nature and extent of a victim's injuries to get full value for your client. I use Medical Legal Art for mediations as well as trial."

Geoff Wells
Greene, Broillet, Panish & Wheeler
Santa Monica, CA













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