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颈动脉内膜切除术 - Medical Animation

 

This animation may only be used in support of a single legal proceeding and for no other purpose. Read our License Agreement for details. To license this image for other purposes, click here.

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颈动脉内膜切除术 - Medical Animation
医疗动画文字记录:如果你的颈动脉变窄或被斑块堵塞,医生可能会建议你做颈动脉内膜切除术。颈部有两条主要的血管,叫做颈动脉,它们将富含氧气的血液从心脏输送到大脑。你可以感觉到颈动脉在颈部一侧的搏动。被称为动脉粥样硬化斑块的脂肪沉积会在颈动脉内积聚。这些斑块会使动脉通道狭窄,干扰血液流向大脑。这种阻塞称为狭窄。如果流向大脑的血液暂时受阻,可能会发生短暂性脑缺血发作(TIA)。当血流完全受阻时,例如颈动脉阻塞,就可能发生卒中。在你进行手术之前,先建立静脉通路。颈动脉内膜切除术通常是在全身麻醉下进行的,这将使你在整个过程中处于睡眠状态。在这种情况下,经口腔进行气管插管,以帮助你在手术中呼吸。有时颈动脉内膜切除术是在局部麻醉下完成的。如果使用局部麻醉,你会保持清醒,但颈部会麻木。可能还会给予你一些镇静剂。在颈部的一侧,沿着堵塞的动脉,医生会从耳朵后面到锁骨上方的一点,做一个切口。医生会找到颈动脉,暂时堵住流经颈动脉的血液。然后打开动脉,可能会放置一个分流器或暂时的旁路,以保持血液流向大脑。然后,医生会清除动脉壁内的斑块。在堵塞被清除后,把动脉缝回到一起,通常会放置一个支架来稍微扩大动脉。这种支架可以是你血管的一部分,也可以是人造材料,比如涤纶。最后,医生会用缝合线或缝合钉缝合切口,并用绷带覆盖。伤口处通常会留下临时引流管。手术后,你将被带到恢复区,工作人员将监测你的生命体征和神经状况。根据需要,会给你开止痛药,并逐步从液体饮食过渡到固体饮食。

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What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
"Our practice involves medical negligence cases exclusively. We have six attorneys and one physician on staff. We have used Medical Legal Art's staff for every one of our cases over the past 12 years and have found their services to be extraordinary. The transformation of medical records into powerful graphic images has without fail been handled expertly, expeditiously and effectively translating into superb results for our clients, both in the courtroom and in settlement. Every case can benefit from their excellent work and we unqualifiedly recommend their services. They are the best!"

Chris Otorowski
Morrow and Otorowski
Bainbridge Island, Washington
www.medilaw.com

"I wanted to take some time out to let you know what a wonderful job you did with the 'collapsed lung/fractured rib' illustrations. They were both detailed and accurate. My medical expert was comfortable working with them and he spent at least an hour explaining to the jury the anatomy of the lungs, the ribs and the injuries depicted in the illustrations. Needless to say, the jury was riveted to the doctor during his testimony.

The jury returned a verdict for $800,000.00 and I'm sure we would not have done so well if not for the visualizations we were able to put forth with your assistance. Lastly, my special thanks to Alice [Senior Medical Illustrator] who stayed late on Friday night and patiently dealt with my last minute revisions."

Daniel J. Costello
Proner & Proner
New York, NY

"[Your staff] was extremely efficient, cooperative and gracious and [their] efforts produced a demonstrative exhibit that we used effectively throughout our trial. The jury verdict of $3,165,000.00 was, in no small measure, due to the impact of the demonstrative evidence. You may be sure that we will call again."

David J. Dean
Sullivan Papain Block McGrath & Cannavo, P.C.
New York, NY

"Your firm is great to work with and, most importantly for me, you get the job done on time and with the utmost professionalism. You should be proud of all those you employ, from KJ to Ben B. I've been especially pleased over the years with the work of Brian and Alice, both of whom seem to tolerate my idiosycratic compulsion to edit, but I've not found a bad apple in the bunch (and, as you know, I've used your firm a bunch!). I look forward to our continued professional relationship."

Kenneth J. Allen
Kenneth Allen & Associates
Valparaiso, IN













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