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什么是免疫肿瘤学? - Medical Animation

 

This animation may only be used in support of a single legal proceeding and for no other purpose. Read our License Agreement for details. To license this image for other purposes, click here.

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什么是免疫肿瘤学? - Medical Animation
医学动画文字记录:这段视频将向你展示什么是免疫肿瘤学以及它是如何起作用的。免疫肿瘤学是对叫做癌症免疫疗法的特定治疗方法的研究和开发。这些疗法通过增强免疫系统来对抗癌症。正常情况下,免疫系统中的白细胞帮助抵抗感染和疾病。它们识别细胞表面的抗原。健康细胞与受损细胞或外来入侵细胞有不同的抗原。免疫细胞通常会忽略健康细胞上的抗原,但它们会对受损细胞和外来入侵细胞的抗原做出反应。一些免疫细胞用一种叫做抗体的物质标记这些抗原,以便加以破坏。然后,其他免疫细胞攻击有这些抗体的细胞。因为癌症是由受损细胞组成的,它们可能有抗原,免疫细胞可以识别和攻击。但是,一些癌细胞有办法避免被免疫细胞破坏。例如,癌细胞可能会减少癌症抗原的数量,让它们躲过免疫细胞。癌细胞避免被破坏的第二种方式是通过关卡蛋白。癌症细胞和免疫细胞都可能含有这些蛋白质。当它们附着时,其他免疫细胞不会攻击癌细胞。当癌细胞受到免疫系统的攻击时,会发生癌细胞避免被破坏的第三种方式。在攻击过程中,癌细胞释放某些物质,这些物质会召集其他类型的免疫细胞,这些细胞会减缓或停止免疫反应。免疫疗法有几种方法可以帮助免疫系统对抗癌症。一种方法是通过实验室制造的特殊抗体。其中一些抗体附着在癌细胞上。它们可以直接杀死癌细胞。有一些可以标记癌细胞,这样免疫细胞就可以破坏它。另一组抗体阻断关卡蛋白,使它们不能相互连接。因此,免疫细胞可以攻击并杀死癌细胞。还有一些抗体可以阻止癌细胞的生长。其中一些会阻断导致新血管生长并为癌症提供营养的信号。在另一种免疫疗法中,从体内提取一些最能抵抗癌症的免疫细胞。在实验室将这些细胞培养出更多的细胞。然后,将它们输回体内攻击癌细胞。要了解更多关于免疫肿瘤学对抗癌症的方法,请与医生交流。

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What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
"For modern audiences, it is absolutely essential to use medical demonstrative evidence to convey the severity and extent of physical injuries to a jury. Your company's high quality illustrations of our client's discectomy surgery, combined with strong expert testimony, allowed the jury to fully appreciate the significance of our client's injuries.

We are very pleased with a verdict exceeding $297,000.00, far in excess of the $20,000.00 initially offered by the defendant. The medical demonstrative evidence provided by Medical Legal Art was an asset we could not have afforded to have been without."

Todd J. Kenyon
Attorney at Law
Minneapolis, MN

"Thank you for the splendid medical-legal art work you did for us in the case of a young girl who was blinded by a bb pellet. As a result of your graphic illustrations of this tragic injury, we were able to persuade the insurance company to increase their initial offer of $75,000.00 to $475,000.00, just short of their policy limits.

We simply wanted you to know how pleased we were with your work which, to repeat, was of superlative character, and to let you know that we would be more than willing to serve as a reference in case you ever need one. Many thanks for an extraordinary and dramatic depiction of a very serious injury which clearly "catapulted" the insurance company's offer to a "full and fair" amount to settle this case."

Philip C. Coulter
Coulter &Coulter
Roanoke, VA

"Your firm is great to work with and, most importantly for me, you get the job done on time and with the utmost professionalism. You should be proud of all those you employ, from KJ to Ben B. I've been especially pleased over the years with the work of Brian and Alice, both of whom seem to tolerate my idiosycratic compulsion to edit, but I've not found a bad apple in the bunch (and, as you know, I've used your firm a bunch!). I look forward to our continued professional relationship."

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Kenneth Allen & Associates
Valparaiso, IN

"[I] have come to rely upon the Doe Report and your great staff of illustrators for all my medical malpractice cases. … Please know that I enthusiastically recommend you to all my colleagues.

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Bernhardt & Rothermel












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