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乳腺癌治疗选择 - Medical Animation

 

This animation may only be used in support of a single legal proceeding and for no other purpose. Read our License Agreement for details. To license this image for other purposes, click here.

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乳腺癌治疗选择 - Medical Animation
"医学动画文字记录:你或你关心的人近期可能被诊断出患有乳腺癌。这段视频将帮助你了解一些可行的治疗方案。乳腺癌是一种乳腺细胞开始不受控制地生长的疾病。乳腺癌的治疗包括手术、放疗、化疗、激素治疗、靶向治疗和免疫治疗。根据肿瘤的大小和位置,有几种手术类型。本视频并没有涵盖所有类型的乳腺癌手术。在乳房肿瘤切除术中,肿瘤连同周围的正常组织一起被切除。在全乳房切除术或简单的乳房切除术中,整个乳房被切除。在改良根治性乳房切除术中,整个乳房被切除。此外,腋下的一些淋巴结也被切除,有时胸部的其他组织也会被切除。医生也可能会给你做放射治疗。这种疗法使用辐射杀死癌细胞或阻止它们生长。体外放疗使用体外的仪器,将辐射瞄准癌症部位。体内放疗,也称为近距离放射治疗,使用通过不同类型发射设备发出辐射的物质来进行治疗。这种物质是放在已经切除了肿瘤的乳房中。化疗使用某些药物来杀死癌细胞。这些药物可以治疗全身的癌细胞,也可以用于治疗某一部位的癌细胞。另一种治疗方法是激素疗法。激素是体内自然存在的物质。雌激素就是其中一种。雌激素的主要作用是促进子宫、乳房和卵巢的生长和发育。然而,雌激素也可以促进某些激素受体阳性癌细胞的生长。激素疗法可以阻止雌激素与乳腺癌细胞结合,从而阻止癌细胞生长和分裂。
靶向治疗是一种针对癌细胞上有特定标记的癌症的治疗。其中一种疗法是针对HER2标记物靶向细胞。HER2是一种细胞上自然产生的蛋白质,通常会促进细胞的健康生长。一些癌细胞含有过多的这种蛋白质,导致癌细胞比正常细胞更有侵略性地生长和扩散。靶向治疗药物被设计成只附着在癌细胞的HER2蛋白上。结果,癌细胞停止生长并可能死亡。免疫肿瘤学,也称为免疫疗法,能够帮助免疫系统对抗癌症。癌症有时可以躲避攻击它们的免疫细胞。例如,癌症和免疫细胞都可能有一种称为关卡蛋白的蛋白质。当它们附着时,其他免疫细胞的攻击就停止了。科学家们正在研究一种免疫治疗药物,这种药物可以阻止关卡蛋白相互连接。因此,免疫细胞可以攻击并摧毁癌细胞。医生可能会给出以上治疗方法的组合方案,或者与这里提到的不同的治疗方案。如果你对乳腺癌或医生给你开的任何药物有疑问,请咨询医生。按照医嘱服药并报告任何副作用是很重要的。"

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Koskoff, Koskoff & Bieder, P.C.
Bridgeport, CT

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Morrow and Otorowski
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www.medilaw.com

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Viles Law Firm, P.A.
Fort Meyers, FL













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