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Lower GI Endoscopy (Sigmoidoscopy or Colonoscopy) - Medical Animation
 
This animation may only be used in support of a single legal proceeding and for no other purpose. Read our License Agreement for details. To license this animation for other purposes, click here.

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Lower GI Endoscopy (Sigmoidoscopy or Colonoscopy) - Medical Animation
MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT:
A lower GI endoscopy-- also called colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy-- allows your doctor to view the mucosal lining of your lower gastrointestinal tract. The procedure is used as a screening test in individuals with no symptoms, or to help diagnose unexplained abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, or a change in bowel habits. It is capable of detecting inflammation, infections, ulcers, diverticulosis, intestinal narrowing, colorectal polyps, cancer, or other problems that may be present. Before the procedure, you will need to undergo bowel preparation. Depending on the type of medication prescribed to you, you will start one to three days before the procedure. You will need to modify your diet as well as take medication, which will help to clear your bowels in preparation for the procedure. The procedure is performed using an endoscope, which is a long, thin, flexible tube with a light and a tiny video camera attached to the end. The camera transmits an image to a monitor. In a sigmoidoscopy, the endoscope only reaches to the top of the descending colon. In a colonoscopy, the endoscope reaches through the entire length of the colon to where it connects to the small intestine. The presence of the endoscope, and the air, may cause you to feel cramping, or pressure, and the need to pass gas. This is considered a normal part of the procedure. Your doctor may ask you to change your position slightly to help maneuver the endoscope more easily through the curves of your lower intestine. If you experience pain, tell your doctor immediately. In some cases, your doctor may find it necessary to take a biopsy. A biopsy helps distinguish between benign and cancerous tissues, and can help determine the cause of bleeding, inflammation, or diarrhea. Biopsies are often taken even when your doctor does not suspect cancer. If one or more polyps are discovered, your doctor will generally remove them in a procedure called a polypectomy. He or she will usually use a snare to remove the polyps and then cauterize their bases to control bleeding. At the end of the procedure, the endoscope will be removed from your colon. A sigmoidoscopy usually takes about 20 minutes, while a colonoscopy can take 30 minutes to an hour.

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What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
"This past year, your company prepared three medical illustrations for our cases; two in which we received six figure awards; one in which we received a substantial seven figure award. I believe in large part, the amounts obtained were due to the vivid illustrations of my clients' injuries and the impact on the finder of fact."

Donald W. Marcari
Marcari Russotto & Spencer, P.C.
Chesapeake, VA

"It is my experience that it's much more effective to show a jury what happened than simply to tell a jury what happened. In this day and age where people are used to getting information visually, through television and other visual media, I would be at a disadvantage using only words.

I teach a Litigation Process class at the University of Baltimore Law Schooland use [Medical Legal Art's] animation in my class. Students always saythat they never really understood what happened to [to my client] until theysaw the animation.

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Snyder Slutkin & Kopec
Baltimore, MD
"Thank you for the splendid medical-legal art work you did for us in the case of a young girl who was blinded by a bb pellet. As a result of your graphic illustrations of this tragic injury, we were able to persuade the insurance company to increase their initial offer of $75,000.00 to $475,000.00, just short of their policy limits.

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Coulter &Coulter
Roanoke, VA

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I feel very confident that our paths will cross again."

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Faerber & Anderson, P.C.
St. Louis, MO













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